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Future demand for qualifications based on expected megatrends (2016)

Future demand for qualifications based on expected megatrends (2016)


 
 

ibw-research brief Nr. 96

Kurt Schmid, Birgit Winkler, Benjamin Gruber

Future demand for qualifications based on expected megatrends

Results of the 2016 survey on demand for qualifications carried out on behalf of the Federation of Austrian Industry

Megatrends such as Industry 4.0, globalisation, demography (aging, migration) are lasting sources of changing requirements for activities and, as a consequence, also competences of employees. Essentially it is a matter of an increase in the significance of higher qualified activities: this means broader and more complex ranges of tasks, increased implementation in teamwork/project work arrangements (and, as a consequence, an increasing significance of soft skills) and also more extensive know-how about company-based processes. The effects of the megatrends are particularly relevant for the middle level of skilled labour (employees with an apprenticeship, technical vocational school or college qualification). Many companies consider themselves/their employees to be not sufficiently qualified with regard to the developments initiated by Industry 4.0 and globalisation/internationalisation. Corresponding qualifications in the sense of higher vocational qualifications become apparent across the different types of occupations and qualification profiles and must by no means be seen as identical to academisation: jobs which require an academic education represent only part of the entire demand of companies for a higher qualified workforce.

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